Ukrainian crisis: Klimenko’s plan
During the conflict in Ukraine, almost 6,200 people were killed and 12,000 were wounded. Despite the fragile ceasefire, the ghost of the war still exists. In economic context, Ukraine is close to asphyxia. However, there are new voices, which offer solutions to the problems of identity and military conflict in the country. One of them is Oleksandr Klymenko, the ex-minister of revenue and duties.
Ukraine is on its knees. Neither before separatists, nor before invisible Russian occupiers – the Kremlin denies the supply of troops and weapons on the Ukrainian territory. Kiev authorities are on the verge of bankruptcy, (stuck in expensive war), while 24% of the population lives below the poverty line, inflation reached 272%. Despite the fact that the violence in Eastern Ukraine was rather stopped since the truce, which was established in February by the Minsk Agreement, both of the parties still regularly accuse each other of violating the ceasefire. May 28, Stepan Poltorak, Minister of Defense of Ukraine said: “A large number of tanks and artillery systems were transferred to the territory of Lugansk and Donetsk regions, there are also located units of the Russian armed forces.”
We know how Kiev plans to resolve the conflict, namely, to create a “The Maginot Line” on the eastern border of Ukraine. This decision will be not only an offence for the old Russian dragon with wounded pride, but also a serious geopolitical problem between the two neighbors. In addition, the plan will not resolve the issue of the separatists. They took up arms with the desire to get closer to Russia. Such projects will never lead to a ceasefire and the returning of unity. President Poroshenko has admitted that the conflict can not be resolved only by force, because he have doubts in the ability of the army to regain the occupied territories.
The government of Mr. Poroshenko is under the pressure (externally and internally, with the tightening of France). In order to observe the full picture, it is necessary not only watch the actions of the State, but also to delve into a variety of regular offers of different analysts, experts and oligarchs. One of them deserves careful consideration. He offers to work on reunification without prejudice to the Ukrainian interests and to sit around the one table. This is the plan of Oleksandr Klymenko, the former minister of revenue and duties.
This plan revolves mainly around the reconciliation between the western Ukrainians and Ukrainians in the East, (mostly Russian speakers who strive for being closer to Moscow). He wants to create a common vision, a common strategy, to remind both parties which, in fact, does not speak the same language, that they all have something in common. His plan includes three key ideas: the decentralization of power, economic security and the principle of non-alignment.
Decentralization would facilitate “omnipotence” of Kiev and its leaders. It would strengthen the voice of the minority and the opposition. The principle is simple: the more population participates in the political life of their country, the more likely that the risk of conflict would be reduced.
Economic security is also a major step towards resolving this crisis, due to the fact that the economic fragility of Ukraine – is one of the main factors, which causes the crisis in the country. “In order to create foreground economic zones, Klymenko wants to use restoring as an appeal for investment and stimulating activity in the poorest areas of the country, integrating them into a single, interdependent system. In other words, the unity. This idea was also put forward by Poroshenko, who believed that Donbas should be used as a business center, and real engine of the country.
The principle of non-alignment, finally, can also put an end to this crisis. We must overcome the geostrategic crisis in Ukraine, namely: not to stay in bed either with Russia or the EU (usually identified with the two opposing camps – the East and the NATO). If there was ratified economic convergence with the EU at the legislative level, it would include Russia. Otherwise, the border will always be vulnerable territory. In addition, the two countries have many common interests, it would be foolish to ignore it (gas supply, food export, transit point). Thus, Ukraine will be a bridge between Europe and Russia.
Rather than contrapose Ukraine (Europe and Russia), it is necessary to focus on the reconciliation between the “two Ukraines”, taking into account the interests of the both sides. This approach will contribute to the reorientation of the debate, predicts human devastation (caused by war) and eliminate the excessive part of both Russia and the EU. Indeed, in order to implement Klymenko’s plan, two opposing blocs have to admit that this is Ukrainian business. They should play a supporting role, as the conflict is inside.
Link to source: LaDiplomatier.fr